Malacañang Palace, or officially, Malacañan Palace is the official residence of the President of the Philippines. The palace is located along the north bank of the Pasig River in Manila. It is called Palasyo ng Malakanyang in Filipino, and Malacañan Palace when referred to as the official residence of the President of the Philippines.
In popular media and everyday parlance, it is simply referred to as Malacañang, and this shorter name is also used when referring to its role as the office of the president. The term “Malacañan” can be used as a metonym for the Philippine President’s administration or the Executive branch as a whole. Malacañan Palace is depicted on the verso (back) side of the present-day 20-peso bill.
Today the complex consists of several buildings in addition to Malacañan Palace itself. Bonifacio Hall, formerly the Premier Guest House, which built on 1975, was used as the main office of Corazon C. Aquino, the first female president of the Philippines and leader of the People Power Revolution that ousted the previous president Ferdinand E. Marcos in 1986. Later, President Joseph Ejercito Estrada adopted it as his residence. Kalayaan Hall is the former executive building built under the American administration. Mabini Hall is the current Administration Building.
A New Executive Building was also built by President Corazon Aquino in 1989. Additionally there are other, smaller buildings. Across the river is Malacañan Park, which contains a golf course, recreation hall, park, billets for the presidential guard, as well as a Commonwealth-era presidential resthouse (Bahay Pangarap), which serve as current residence of President Benigno Aquino III.
The state and historical rooms of the Palace are not often seen by the public. The Palace is closed and heavily guarded during times of political unrest, although prior to the Marcos administration, access was far more restricted than in the modern era. This lack of access by the public was particularly notable during the Ramon Magsaysay administration in the 1950s. Rallyists often congregate along Mendiola Street nearby to air their protests against the government. (Source: Wikipedia)