Ikat or ikkat, is a style of weaving that uses a resist dyeing process similar to tie-dye on either the warp or weft before the threads are woven to create a pattern or design. A double ikat is when both the warp and the weft are tie-dyed before weaving.
Ikat which means “to tie” or “to bind” in the Indonesian language has a Philippine variant known for its colors and striking designs. Philippine ikat weaving is mostly practiced in the Cordilleras in northern Philippines by the Ifugao tribes and other ethnic groups in Mindanao which employ ikat techniques in producing their well-known tapestries.
Heirloom and antique ikat tapestries from these tribes are collectors items and often fetch high prices for their outstanding craftsmanship that showcase intricate weave patterns and motifs.
Long live Philippine weaving!